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From SNPedia

Geno Mag Summary
(A;A) 2.5 complex; generally higher risk for certain diseases
(A;G) 2 complex; generally higher risk for certain diseases
(G;G) 0.1 complex; generally normal risk
ReferenceGRCh38 38.1/141
is asnp
is mentioned by
dbSNP (classic)rs1800629
1000 genomesrs1800629
GWAS Ctlgrs1800629
Max Magnitude2.5
? (A;A) (A;G) (G;G) 28

This SNP in the tumor necrosis factor-alpha gene, rs1800629, is also known as the TNF-308 SNP. Occasionally the rs1800629(A) allele is referred to as 308.2 or TNF2, with the more common (G) allele being 308.1 or TNF1. The (A) allele is associated with higher levels of TNF expression. This SNP has been linked to a wide variety of conditions:

  • Allograft rejection
    • Among 72 Polish patients receiving a kidney transplant, the risk of acute kidney allograft rejection was 2.5x higher among rs1800629(A) carriers compared to (G;G) homozygotes (CI: 1.19- 5.37, p<.05). [PMID 15964333]
  • Asthma
    • A meta-analysis of ~2,500 patients combined indicated that the rs1800629(A) allele was associated with a 1.46x increased risk for asthma. [PMID 16865291]
    • In a study of ~600 Mexican families and their asthmatic children, rs1800629(A) carriers had an increased risk of asthma (relative risk = 1.54, CI: 1.04-2.28), especially among children of non-smoking parents (odds then 2.06, CI: 1.19-3.55, p for interaction = 0.09). [PMID 17450233OA-icon.png]
    • In a study of Norwegian children, nonallergic asthma was associated with rs1800629(A) carriers (odds ratio 1.7, CI: 1.3-2.3). [PMID 17686102]
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    • A meta-analysis of 36 publications totaling ~5,000 patients concluded that the association between the rs1800629(A) allele and the risk of COPD was statistically significant for Asians (odds ratio 2.36, CI: 1.84 - 3.02, p < 0.0001) but not for Caucasians.[PMID 20946339]
  • Crohn's disease
    • In a study of 235 Portuguese patients, the rs1800629(A;A) genotype was associated with higher susceptibility to Crohn's disease, with an odds ratio of 3.0 (CI: 1.2-7.2). These homozygotes also showed more disease-related complications. [PMID 15803022]
  • Exfoliation glaucoma (XFG)
    • A study of 204 patients with exfoliation glaucoma (XFG) concluded that rs1800629 is unlikely to be a major risk factor for XFG in Caucasians. [[PMID 19279689OA-icon.png]]
  • Heart disease
    • A study of 600 Italian patients concluded that rs1800629(A) carriers are at increased risk for acute heart attack and have other markers of heart disease. The odd ratio was 1.86, CI: 1.08-3.21, p=0.027). [PMID 16319659]
    • A study of 50 Egyptian children with rheumatic heart disease found increased risk associated with the rs1800629(A;A) homozygotes, with odds ratio = 5.7, p<0.001. However, there was a significantly lower frequency of heterozygous genotypes. [PMID 17607501]
    • However, a 2016 meta-analysis including 12 publications consisting of 6000+ cases found no significant association between rs1800629 and risk for myocardial infarction.[PMID 27706628]
  • Ischemic stroke
    • A meta-analysis of 18 studies with 8075 patients found no significant association between ischemic stroke and the TNFα-308G/A, except potentially in a subgroup of East Asians.[PMID 27809599]
  • Psoriasis
    • A study of 160 Polish patients indicated that the rs1800629(A) allele frequency was significantly decreased among patients with early-onset psoriasis (7.5% vs. 15.4%, p=0.022). [PMID 17553030]
    • In contrast, 147 Irish patients with psoriasis were studied and the results indicated that the rs1800629(A;A) genotype was associated with increased risk as well as earlier onset of psoriasis. [PMID 12746914]
  • Sarcoidosis
    • In a pooled analysis of seven case-control studies, the odds ratio for sarcoidosis for carriers of the rs1800629(A) allele was either 1.47 (CI 1.03-2.08 under a dominant model) or 1.39 (CI: 0.67-2.90; under a recessive model). [PMID 17768594]
  • Susceptibility to sepsis
    • A study of 159 patients with severe trauma indicated that the rs1800629(A) allele was associated with higher risk of developing sepsis and of dying (odds ratio 7.65, two-sided p = 1.9 x 10-6). The authors of this research suggest that preemptive anti-inflammatory interventions should be developed for use in carriers of this SNP should they suffer severe injuries. [PMID 18434886]
    • A meta-analysis of 25 studies concluded that while rs1800629 status is significantly associated with risk for sepsis, especially among Asians, it was not associated with mortality from sepsis. However, there may be an increased risk for fatal outcomes among Asians (odds ratio 10.75, CI: 3-39, p < 0.01).[PMID 19789454]
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
    • A study of 120 Columbian patients with SLE found an increased risk for rs1800629(A) carriers (odds ratio 3.9, CI: 1.65-5.80, p= 0.0004). [PMID 17711410]
    • A meta-analysis of 21 studies indicated that in European populations, the rs1800629(A) allele is associated with increased risk for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In Europeans, the oodds ratio for the (A;A) genotype was 4.0, CI: 2.5-6.4, p<0.001. No association was detected in Asian-derived populations. The overall odds ratio for rs1800629(A) carriers was 2.0 (CI: 1.3-3.1, p<0.001). [PMID 16418737]

[PMID 19419979] Preliminary Evidence of a Genetic Association Between Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha and the Severity of Sleep Disturbance and Morning Fatigue

[PMID 19654554OA-icon.png] The Major Histocompatibility Complex Conserved Extended Haplotype 8.1 in AIDS-Related Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

[PMID 19167443OA-icon.png] Family-based analysis of tumor necrosis factor and lymphotoxin-alpha tag polymorphisms with type 1 diabetes in the population of South Croatia

[PMID 19233472] Long-range linkage on chromosome 6p of VEGF, FKBP5, HLA and TNF alleles associated with transplant rejection

[PMID 20132806] Study of TNFalpha -308 G/A and IL6 -174 G/C polymorphisms in type 2 diabetes and obesity risk in the Tunisian population

[PMID 20157068] Association of IL1A, IL1B, and TNF Gene Polymorphisms With Chronic Rhinosinusitis With and Without Nasal Polyposis: A Replication Study

[PMID 19773451OA-icon.png] Role of inflammation gene polymorphisms on pain severity in lung cancer patients

[PMID 20177654] Obesity-dependent association of TNF-LTA locus with type 2 diabetes in North Indians

{{PMID Auto |PMID=20080841 |Title=Additive effect of polymorphisms in the IL-6, LTA, and TNF-{alpha} genes and plasma fatty acid level modulate risk for the metabolic syndrome and its components }}

[PMID 20357201] Association of Polymorphisms of Tumor Necrosis Factor and Tumor Protein p53 with Primary Open Angle Glaucoma: A Replication Study of Ten Genes in A Chinese Population

[PMID 20522203] Age- and gender-specific association between ADA (22G>A) and TNF-alpha (-308G>A) genetic polymorphisms

[PMID 20459604OA-icon.png] Large-scale association analysis of TNF/LTA gene region polymorphisms in type 2 diabetes

[PMID 20578265OA-icon.png] Carriage of a tumor necrosis factor polymorphism amplifies the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 attributed risk of primary biliary cirrhosis: Evidence for a gene-gene interaction

[PMID 20682333] Associations between the TNF-alpha gene (-308G-->A) and event-related potential indices of attention and mental rotation

[PMID 20087644] Genetic variation in chromosomal translocation breakpoint and immune function genes and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma

[PMID 20946339] Association between the tumour necrosis factor-? -308G/A polymorphism and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: An update

[PMID 21080879] A study of TNF-alpha-238 and -308 polymorphisms with different outcomes of persistent hepatitis B virus infection in China

[PMID 21137202] [Polymorphism of cytokine genes and human longevity]

[PMID 20693638] An association study of 21 potential Alzheimer's disease risk genes in a Finnish population

[PMID 21291465] The association of genetic polymorphisms with cerebral palsy: a meta-analysis

[PMID 21447951] Association of Inflammation Genes with Alcohol Dependence/Abuse: A Systematic Review and a Meta-Analysis

[PMID 21450487] Tumor necrosis factor-? -863 C/A promoter polymorphism affects the inflammatory response after cardiac surgery

[PMID 21609779] Association of TNF-? and IL-10 polymorphisms with tuberculosis in Tunisian populations


[PMID 21357384OA-icon.png] Polymorphisms in the TNF-? and IL10 gene promoters and risk of arsenic-induced skin lesions and other nondermatological health effects

[PMID 21995493OA-icon.png] TNFRSF1B +676 T>G polymorphism predicts survival of non-Small cell lung cancer patients treated with chemoradiotherapy

[PMID 22031281OA-icon.png] Preferential transmission of genetic risk variants of candidate loci at 6p21 from asymptomatic grandparents to mothers of children with neonatal lupus

[PMID 22043116OA-icon.png] A review of genetic association studies of obstructive sleep apnea: field synopsis and meta-analysis

[PMID 21865054] Age- and gender-specific epistasis between ADA and TNF-? influences human life-expectancy

[PMID 22475653OA-icon.png] Genetic predictors of fatigue in prostate cancer patients treated with androgen deprivation therapy: Preliminary findings

[PMID 22568453OA-icon.png] Association of CASP3 polymorphism with hematologic toxicity in advanced NSCLC patients treated with platinum-based chemotherapy

[PMID 22554453] Tumor Necrosis Factor Gene Variation Predicts Hippocampus Volume in Healthy Individuals.

[PMID 22294627] Association between genetic variants in the tumour necrosis factor/lymphotoxin α/lymphotoxin β locus and primary Sjogren's syndrome in Scandinavian samples

[PMID 22788685] Polymorphisms of pro-inflammatory cytokine genes and the risk for acute suppurative or chronic nonsuppurative apical periodontitis in a Colombian population

[PMID 15726497OA-icon.png] Gene-environment interaction effects on the development of immune responses in the 1st year of life.

[PMID 15797957] Tumor necrosis factor-alpha polymorphism, bone strength phenotypes, and the risk of fracture in older women.

[PMID 15895461] TNF polymorphisms in Alzheimer disease and functional implications on CSF beta-amyloid levels.

[PMID 16046815OA-icon.png] Data-mining analysis suggests an epigenetic pathogenesis for type 2 diabetes.

[PMID 16385446OA-icon.png] A testing framework for identifying susceptibility genes in the presence of epistasis.

[PMID 16449530OA-icon.png] Cytokine polymorphisms in the Th1/Th2 pathway and susceptibility to non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

[PMID 16617143OA-icon.png] Algorithm for automatic genotype calling of single nucleotide polymorphisms using the full course of TaqMan real-time data.

[PMID 16672072OA-icon.png] The interferon gamma gene polymorphism +874 A/T is associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome.

[PMID 16759385OA-icon.png] Cytokine gene polymorphisms and atopic disease in two European cohorts. (ECRHS-Basel and SAPALDIA).

[PMID 16820586OA-icon.png] Inflammatory gene polymorphisms and risk of postoperative myocardial infarction after cardiac surgery.

[PMID 16846490OA-icon.png] Lemierre's syndrome and genetic polymorphisms: a case report.

[PMID 16872485OA-icon.png] Three allele combinations associated with multiple sclerosis.

[PMID 17054776OA-icon.png] The genetics of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

[PMID 17174749OA-icon.png] Linkage disequilibrium with predisposing DR3 haplotypes accounts for apparent effects of tumor necrosis factor and lymphotoxin-alpha polymorphisms on type 1 diabetes susceptibility.

[PMID 17216494] Genetic variation in tumor necrosis factor and lymphotoxin-alpha (TNF-LTA) and breast cancer risk.

[PMID 17327408OA-icon.png] Prognostic significance of host immune gene polymorphisms in follicular lymphoma survival.

[PMID 17510437] Immune mechanisms in non-Hodgkin lymphoma: joint effects of the TNF G308A and IL10 T3575A polymorphisms with non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk factors.

[PMID 17668374OA-icon.png] Combining evidence of natural selection with association analysis increases power to detect malaria-resistance variants.

[PMID 17701899OA-icon.png] Flexible design for following up positive findings.

[PMID 17705862OA-icon.png] Optimization of candidate-gene SNP-genotyping by flexible oligonucleotide microarrays; analyzing variations in immune regulator genes of hay-fever samples.

[PMID 18041006] Association of TGF-beta1 codon 25 (G915C) polymorphism with hepatitis C virus infection.

[PMID 18194515OA-icon.png] Polymorphisms of TNF-enhancer and gene for FcgammaRIIa correlate with the severity of falciparum malaria in the ethnically diverse Indian population.

[PMID 18196539] TNF polymorphisms and prostate cancer risk.

[PMID 18307517OA-icon.png] Common studied polymorphisms do not affect plasma cytokine levels upon endotoxin exposure in humans.

[PMID 18319718OA-icon.png] Tumour-necrosis factor-A polymorphisms and gastric cancer risk: a meta-analysis.

[PMID 18398712] No association found between the promoter variants of TNF-alpha and diabetic retinopathy in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes.

[PMID 18423522OA-icon.png] Estimating odds ratios in genome scans: an approximate conditional likelihood approach.

[PMID 18426866OA-icon.png] Association of FTO with obesity-related traits in the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey (CLHNS) Cohort.

[PMID 18513389OA-icon.png] New application of intelligent agents in sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis identifies unexpected specific genetic background.

[PMID 18515978] Association of tumor necrosis factor -308G/A promoter polymorphism with schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder in a Polish population.

[PMID 18520591OA-icon.png] Sequence variants in host cell factor C1 are associated with Meniere's disease.

[PMID 18551993] SNP combinations in chromosome-wide genes are associated with bone mineral density in Taiwanese women.

[PMID 18575614OA-icon.png] Association between LTA, TNF and AGER polymorphisms and late diabetic complications.

[PMID 18603647OA-icon.png] Functional genetic polymorphisms and female reproductive disorders: Part I: Polycystic ovary syndrome and ovarian response.

[PMID 18615156OA-icon.png] Genome-wide association scan identifies candidate polymorphisms associated with differential response to anti-TNF treatment in rheumatoid arthritis.

[PMID 18620570OA-icon.png] The TNFalpha gene relates to clinical phenotype in alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency.

[PMID 18633131OA-icon.png] Host immune gene polymorphisms in combination with clinical and demographic factors predict late survival in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients in the pre-rituximab era.

[PMID 18635873OA-icon.png] TNF promoter polymorphisms associated with muscle phenotypes in humans.

[PMID 18640487OA-icon.png] Association of donor inflammation- and apoptosis-related genotypes and delayed allograft function after kidney transplantation.

[PMID 18676870OA-icon.png] Variants in inflammation genes and the risk of biliary tract cancers and stones: a population-based study in China.

[PMID 18698679OA-icon.png] Single nucleotide polymorphism in the tumor necrosis factor-alpha gene affects inflammatory bowel diseases risk.

[PMID 18709160OA-icon.png] Interactions between glutathione S-transferase P1, tumor necrosis factor, and traffic-related air pollution for development of childhood allergic disease.

[PMID 18713756] Association of the tumour necrosis factor-308 variant with differential response to anti-TNF agents in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

[PMID 18715339OA-icon.png] Associations between cytokine/cytokine receptor single nucleotide polymorphisms and humoral immunity to measles, mumps and rubella in a Somali population.

[PMID 18796628OA-icon.png] Etiologic heterogeneity among non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes.

[PMID 18805939OA-icon.png] Functional genetic polymorphisms and female reproductive disorders: part II--endometriosis.

[PMID 18811622] Association of TNF-alpha with severe respiratory syncytial virus infection and bronchial asthma.

[PMID 18936436OA-icon.png] Prevalence in the United States of selected candidate gene variants: Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1991-1994.

[PMID 19035456OA-icon.png] Adipokine genes and prostate cancer risk.

[PMID 19035492OA-icon.png] Cytokine gene polymorphisms as risk and severity factors for juvenile dermatomyositis.

[PMID 19066394OA-icon.png] Organochlorine exposure, immune gene variation, and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

[PMID 19126646OA-icon.png] Genetic polymorphisms in the cytokine genes and risk of hepatocellular carcinoma in low-risk non-Asians of USA.

[PMID 19131662OA-icon.png] A meta-analysis of candidate gene polymorphisms and ischemic stroke in 6 study populations: association of lymphotoxin-alpha in nonhypertensive patients.

[PMID 19147066OA-icon.png] Genomic and proteomic analysis of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant outcome. Seeking greater understanding the pathogenesis of GVHD and mortality.

[PMID 19225544OA-icon.png] Variation in the lymphotoxin-alpha/tumor necrosis factor locus modifies risk of erythema nodosum in sarcoidosis.

[PMID 19263529OA-icon.png] Genetic risk factors in recurrent venous thromboembolism: A multilocus, population-based, prospective approach.

[PMID 19281305OA-icon.png] Tumor necrosis factor and lymphotoxin-alpha polymorphisms and severe malaria in African populations.

[PMID 19330901OA-icon.png] Association of 77 polymorphisms in 52 candidate genes with blood pressure progression and incident hypertension: the Women's Genome Health Study.

[PMID 19347053OA-icon.png] Analysis of inflammation- and atherosclerosis-related gene polymorphisms in branch retinal vein occlusion.

[PMID 19356949OA-icon.png] Cytokine SNPs: Comparison of allele frequencies by race and implications for future studies.

[PMID 19401444OA-icon.png] Body iron stores and glucose intolerance in premenopausal women: role of hyperandrogenism, insulin resistance, and genomic variants related to inflammation, oxidative stress, and iron metabolism.

[PMID 19409079OA-icon.png] Association of MICA with rheumatoid arthritis independent of known HLA-DRB1 risk alleles in a family-based and a case control study.

[PMID 19438866OA-icon.png] Polymorphisms in genes involved in DNA repair, cell growth, oxidative stress and inflammatory response, and melanoma risk.

[PMID 19478423OA-icon.png] Cytokine response to vitamin E supplementation is dependent on pre-supplementation cytokine levels.

[PMID 19505919OA-icon.png] Toll-like receptor signaling pathway variants and prostate cancer mortality.

[PMID 19615068OA-icon.png] The role of TNF genetic variants and the interaction with cigarette smoking for gastric cancer risk: a nested case-control study.

[PMID 19661089OA-icon.png] Genetic variation in immune regulation and DNA repair pathways and stomach cancer in China.

[PMID 19673019OA-icon.png] IL-10 and TNF-alpha promoter haplotypes are associated with childhood Crohn's disease location.

[PMID 19700502] Synopsis and synthesis of candidate-gene association studies in chronic lymphocytic leukemia: the CUMAGAS-CLL information system.

[PMID 19732761] Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) polymorphisms in Chinese patients with Graves' disease.

[PMID 19933216OA-icon.png] The COPD genetic association compendium: a comprehensive online database of COPD genetic associations.

[PMID 19934104OA-icon.png] Radiographic severity of knee osteoarthritis is conditional on interleukin 1 receptor antagonist gene variations.

[PMID 20007930OA-icon.png] A functional haplotype in the 3'untranslated region of TNFRSF1B is associated with tuberculosis in two African populations.

[PMID 20031567OA-icon.png] An evaluation of candidate genes of inflammation and thrombosis in relation to the risk of venous thromboembolism: The Women's Genome Health Study.

[PMID 20047977OA-icon.png] Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and lymphotoxin-alpha (LTA) polymorphisms and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the InterLymph Consortium.

[PMID 20049212OA-icon.png] Traffic-related air pollution, oxidative stress genes, and asthma (ECHRS).

[PMID 20113413] Cytokine polymorphism in patients with migraine: some suggestive clues of migraine and inflammation.

[PMID 20206339] Tumor necrosis factor alpha gene variants do not display allelic imbalance in circulating myeloid cells.

[PMID 20361391] The rs1800629 polymorphism in the TNF gene interacts with physical activity on the changes in C-reactive protein levels in the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study.

[PMID 20396431OA-icon.png] Genotyping sleep disorders patients.

[PMID 20401335OA-icon.png] Sickle Cell Disease in the Post Genomic Era: A Monogenic Disease with a Polygenic Phenotype.

[PMID 20463618OA-icon.png] Role of polymorphic variants as genetic modulators of infection in neonatal sepsis.

[PMID 20565774OA-icon.png] Population based allele frequencies of disease associated polymorphisms in the Personalized Medicine Research Project.

[PMID 20668555OA-icon.png] Extended LTA, TNF, LST1 and HLA gene haplotypes and their association with rubella vaccine-induced immunity.

[PMID 20725607OA-icon.png] CCL3 genotype and current depression increase risk of HIV-associated dementia.

[PMID 20796230] Tumour necrosis factor-alpha gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to oral lichen planus.

[PMID 20810691] Variations in the TNF-alpha gene (TNF-alpha -308G-->A) affect attention and action selection mechanisms in a dissociated fashion.

[PMID 20811626OA-icon.png] Genetic variants in inflammation-related genes are associated with radiation-induced toxicity following treatment for non-small cell lung cancer.

[PMID 20878356] Role of ethnic variations in TNF-alpha and TNF-beta polymorphisms and risk of breast cancer in India.

[PMID 21320344OA-icon.png] Evaluation of genetic susceptibility to childhood allergy and asthma in an African American urban population.

[PMID 21385363OA-icon.png] Polymorphisms in genes controlling inflammation and tissue repair in rheumatoid arthritis: a case control study.

[PMID 21420089] TNFA -308 (rs1800629) polymorphism is associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

[PMID 21448414OA-icon.png] Molecular mechanism of glucocorticoid resistance in inflammatory bowel disease.

[PMID 21621860] Association of IL1A, IL1B, ILRN, IL6, IL10 and TNF-alpha polymorphisms with risk and clinical course of multiple sclerosis in a Polish population.

[PMID 21670964] Association between TNF-alpha polymorphisms and cervical cancer risk: a meta-analysis.

[PMID 21735105] TNF-308 gene polymorphism and tuberculosis susceptibility: a meta-analysis involving 18 studies.

[PMID 21846573] Association between genetic risk score and periodontitis onset and progression: a pilot study.

[PMID 21880580] Interaction between functional polymorphic variants in cytokine genes, established risk factors and susceptibility to basal cell carcinoma of skin.

[PMID 21967963] TNF-alpha -308 G>A polymorphism and weight gain in patients with schizophrenia under long-term clozapine, risperidone or olanzapine treatment.

[PMID 22070425] Profile of inflammatory mediators in gestational diabetes mellitus: phenotype and genotype.

[PMID 22372709] Cytokine gene polymorphisms in the susceptibility to acute coronary syndrome.

[PMID 22376040] Gene-gene interactions between candidate gene polymorphisms are associated with total IgE levels in Korean children with asthma.

[PMID 22684480] Identifying and testing candidate genetic polymorphisms in the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): association with TNFSF15 and TNFalpha

[PMID 23029405OA-icon.png] Genetic Variation in the TNF Gene Is Associated with Susceptibility to Severe Sepsis, but Not with Mortality

[PMID 23072573OA-icon.png] Multiplex Allele-Specific Amplification from Whole Blood for Detecting Multiple Polymorphisms Simultaneously

[PMID 23241556] Haplotype of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Exon 6 of the MZF-1 Gene and Alzheimer's Disease

[PMID 23487197] Association of Interleukin 2 (IL-2), Interleukin 6 (IL-6), and TNF-alpha (TNFα) Gene Polymorphisms With Paranoid Schizophrenia in a Polish Population

[PMID 23086128] Profiles of gene polymorphisms in cytokines and Toll-like receptors with higher risk for gastric cancer

[PMID 23734748OA-icon.png] Association of genes of protease-antiprotease balance pathway to lung function and emphysema subtypes

[PMID 23870134OA-icon.png] Association of tumor necrosis factor-alpha promoter variants with risk of HPV-associated oral squamous cell carcinoma

[PMID 23906902] Tumor necrosis factor-308 polymorphism increases the embryo implantation rate in women undergoing in vitro fertilization

[PMID 23919499] Associations between tumor necrosis factor-alpha gene -238 G/A and -308 G/A polymorphisms and the risk of pneumoconiosis: update of a meta-analysis

[PMID 23267696OA-icon.png] Association of genetic polymorphisms with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the Chinese Han population: a case-control study

[PMID 23961418OA-icon.png] Association of the HLA locus and TNF with type I autoimmune hepatitis susceptibility in New Zealand Caucasians

[PMID 24037955] The presence of prostate cancer at biopsy is predicted by a number of genetic variants

[PMID 24072494] Quantitative assessment of the influence of tumor necrosis factor alpha polymorphism with gastritis and gastric cancer risk

[PMID 23639307] Childhood allergic rhinitis, traffic-related air pollution, and variability in the GSTP1, TNF, TLR2, and TLR4 genes: results from the TAG Study

[PMID 24151497OA-icon.png] Association Analysis of IL10, TNF-α, and IL23R-IL12RB2 SNPs with Behçet's Disease Risk in Western Algeria

[PMID 23380141] Association of HLA-DRB1 and TNF genotypes with dengue hemorrhagic fever

[PMID 24160187OA-icon.png] Meta-analysis confirms association between TNFA-G238A variant and JIA, and between PTPN22-C1858T variant and oligoarticular, RF-polyarticular and RF-positive polyarticular JIA

[PMID 24252077] Association of the tumour necrosis factor-α polymorphisms rs361525 and rs1800629 with susceptibility to psoriasis: a meta-analysis

[PMID 24359571OA-icon.png] The impact of genetic variants in inflammatory-related genes on prostate cancer risk among men of African Descent: a case control study

[PMID 24385694OA-icon.png] Effect of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4, TNF-alpha polymorphisms on osteosarcoma: evidences from a meta-analysis

[PMID 24465030OA-icon.png] GSTP1 and TNF Gene Variants and Associations between Air Pollution and Incident Childhood Asthma: The Traffic, Asthma and Genetics (TAG) Study

[PMID 22579472] The IL6 gene polymorphism -634C>G and IL17F gene polymorphism 7488T>C influence bone mineral density in young and elderly Japanese women.

[PMID 22649007OA-icon.png] Genetic polymorphisms in IL10RA and TNF modify the association between blood transfusion and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

[PMID 22711844] SNPs in the TNF-alpha gene promoter associated with Behcet's disease in Moroccan patients.

[PMID 22749237OA-icon.png] Tumor necrosis factor -308 polymorphism (rs1800629) is associated with mortality and ventilator duration in 1057 Caucasian patients.

[PMID 22897480] Investigation of selected cytokine genes suggests that IL2RA and the TNF/LTA locus are risk factors for severe alopecia areata.

[PMID 22925444] Genetic and immunological markers predict titanium implant failure: a retrospective study.

[PMID 23011034] Effect of the polymorphisms of tumor necrosis factor-alpha gene on the susceptibility to primary biliary cirrhosis: a meta-analysis.

[PMID 23029430OA-icon.png] Prognostic role of host cyclooxygenase and cytokine genotypes in a Caucasian cohort of patients with gastric adenocarcinoma.

[PMID 23053960] Genome-wide pathway analysis of genome-wide association studies on systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis.

[PMID 23107763] Host genetic risk factors for community-acquired pneumonia.

[PMID 23159874] Pro-inflammatory cytokine gene polymorphisms and threat for coronary heart disease in a North Indian Agrawal population.

[PMID 23294973] Association of TNF-alpha polymorphism rs1800629 with multisomatoform disorder in a group of German patients and healthy controls: an explorative study.

[PMID 23357300] Role of inflammatory gene polymorphisms in left ventricular dysfunction (LVD) susceptibility in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients.

[PMID 23391141] Influence of polymorphisms in genes encoding immunoregulatory proteins and metabolizing enzymes on susceptibility and outcome in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma treated with rituximab.

[PMID 23438931OA-icon.png] Relationships between selected gene polymorphisms and blood pressure sensitivity to weight loss in elderly persons with hypertension.

[PMID 23459936OA-icon.png] Exploring the genetic basis of chronic periodontitis: a genome-wide association study.

[PMID 23530106OA-icon.png] Cytokine genetic variations and fatigue among patients with breast cancer.

[PMID 23590430] Genetic polymorphisms of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) promoter gene and response to TNF-alpha inhibitors in Spanish patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

[PMID 23640160OA-icon.png] IL10 and TNF variants and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma among three Asian populations.

[PMID 23748461OA-icon.png] Association analysis of two candidate polymorphisms in the tumour necrosis factor-alpha gene with osteoarthritis in a Chinese population.

[PMID 23796916OA-icon.png] Tumor necrosis factor alpha promoter polymorphism and severity of acute kidney injury.

[PMID 24798719] TNF-α SNP rs1800629 and risk of relapse in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: relation to immunophenotype

[PMID 24008079OA-icon.png] Cytokine gene polymorphisms and progression-free survival in classical Hodgkin lymphoma by EBV status: results from two independent cohorts

[PMID 24905365] TNF-α gene promoter polymorphisms contribute to periodontitis susceptibility: evidence from 46 studies

[PMID 24935328] Functional tumor necrosis factor alpha polymorphisms and haplotype analysis in high-risk corneal transplantation

[PMID 24935327] Haplotype Analysis on Chromosome 6p of Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A, and Interleukin-17F Alleles Associated With Corneal Transplant Rejection

[PMID 24971461OA-icon.png] Polymorphisms in the Inflammatory Pathway Genes TLR2, TLR4, TLR9, LY96, NFKBIA, NFKB1, TNFA, TNFRSF1A, IL6R, IL10, IL23R, PTPN22, and PPARG Are Associated with Susceptibility of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in a Danish Cohort

[PMID 25010932OA-icon.png] Association of TNF-α, TNFRSF1A and TNFRSF1B Gene Polymorphisms with the Risk of Sporadic Breast Cancer in Northeast Chinese Han Women

[PMID 25054016OA-icon.png] Association of NQO1 and TNF polymorphisms with Parkinson's disease: A meta-analysis of 15 genetic association studies

[PMID 25127106OA-icon.png] Polymorphisms in the TNFA and IL6 Genes Represent Risk Factors for Autoimmune Thyroid Disease

[PMID 25175451] The functional VNTR of IGH enhancer HS1.2 associates with human longevity and interacts with TNFA promoter diplotype in a population of Central Italy

[PMID 25634985] The -308G>A Polymorphism of the TNF Gene is Associated with Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy in Caucasian-Brazilians with Type 2 Diabetes

[PMID 25636570] Association of TNF -1031 C/C as a potential protection marker for leprosy development in Amazonas state patients, Brazil

[PMID 25661739] TNF-308 G/A polymorphism and risk of systemic lupus erythematosus in the Polish population

[PMID 25721048OA-icon.png] Genetic variants in TNFα, TGFB1, PTGS1 and PTGS2 genes are associated with diisocyanate-induced asthma

[PMID 25000179OA-icon.png] Genetic polymorphisms and sepsis in premature neonates

[PMID 25735143] [Combinations of cytokine gene network polymorphic markers as potential predictors of myocardial infarction]

[PMID 25839939] Genetic association of IL-6, TNF-α and SDF-1 polymorphisms with serum cytokine levels in diabetic foot ulcer

[PMID 26025100] Association of tumor necrosis factor α -308G/A and interleukin-6 -174G/C gene polymorphism with pneumonia-induced sepsis

[PMID 26117649] Prediction of feature genes in trauma patients with the TNF rs1800629 A allele using support vector machine

[PMID 25809685] Common Variants and Haplotypes in the TF, TNF-α, and TMPRSS6 Genes Are Associated with Iron Status in a Female Black South African Population

[PMID 26170653OA-icon.png] Identification of genetic variants in the TNF promoter associated with COPD secondary to tobacco smoking and its severity

[PMID 25422198] Polymorphic variation of inflammation-related genes and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma for Uygur and Han Chinese in Xinjiang

[PMID 26408612] Association of TNF-α gene polymorphisms with 
the risk of rheumatoid arthritis in 
Han Chinese population from Hunan

[PMID 25544182] Genetic variation in the promoter region of pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-α in perinatal HIV transmission from Mumbai, India

[PMID 26829382] The -308bp TNF gene polymorphism influences tumor necrosis factor expression in leprosy patients in Bahia State, Brazil.

[PMID 26813132] [Association of single nucleotide polymorphisms of IL-6 gene with longevity in Uyghurs in Xinjiang].

[PMID 27159547] Adipokine Gene Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Portuguese Obese Adolescents: Associations with Plasma Concentrations of Adiponectin, Resistin, IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α.

[PMID 27195243OA-icon.png] Association between Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (-238G/A and -308G/A) Gene Polymorphisms and Risk of Ischemic Stroke: A Meta-Analysis.

[PMID 27477483] TNFA gene variants related to the inflammatory status and its association with cellular aging: From the CORDIOPREV study.

[PMID 27559091] Influence of cytokine gene polymorphisms on proinflammatory/anti-inflammatory cytokine imbalance in premature coronary artery disease.

Risk Rs1800629(A;A)
Alt Rs1800629(A;A)
Reference Rs1800629(G;G)
Significance Drug-response
Disease etanercept response - Efficacy infliximab response - Efficacy Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) inhibitors response - Efficacy adalimumab response - Efficacy
Variation info
Gene TNF
CLNDBN etanercept response - Efficacy infliximab response - Efficacy Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) inhibitors response - Efficacy adalimumab response - Efficacy
Reversed 0
HGVS NC_000006.11:g.31543031G>A
CLNSRC PharmGKB Clinical Annotation
CLNACC RCV000211242.1, RCV000211284.1, RCV000211408.1, RCV000211419.1,

[PMID 28152281OA-icon.png] Glutathione-S-transferase P1 may predispose children to a decline in pulmonary function after stem cell transplant.

[PMID 28633686] Polymorphisms of the TNF-α gene interact with plasma fatty acids on inflammatory biomarker profile: a population-based, cross-sectional study in São Paulo, Brazil.

[PMID 28695434] The single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of tumor necrosis factor α -308G/A gene is associated with early-onset primary knee osteoarthritis in an Egyptian female population.

[PMID 28702675] TNF-α Genetic Predisposition and Higher Expression of Inflammatory Pathway Components in Keratoconus.

[PMID 28980933] Predictive role of cytokines IL-10, IL-12 and TNF-α gene polymorphisms for the development of osteonecrosis of the femoral head in the Chinese Han population.

[PMID 28993561] A Missense Variant rs4645843 in TNF-α Gene Is a Risk Factor of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in the Uygur Population.

[PMID 29042282] Increased levels of circulating (TNF-α) is associated with (-308G/A) promoter polymorphism of TNF-α gene in Diabetic Nephropathy.

[PMID 29056124] Association of ADIPOQ C-11377G (rs266729), TNF-α αG-308A(rs1800629) and TNF-α αG-238A(rs361525) Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Pakistani Population.

[PMID 29130827] Association of Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Immune-Related Genes with Development of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in a Mexican Population.

[PMID 29298134] The Synergistic Effect of TNFA and IL10 Promoter Polymorphisms on Genetic Predisposition to Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

[PMID 29388847] The role of TNF alpha polymorphism and expression in susceptibility to nasal polyposis.

[PMID 29406912] TNF-α -308 G/A and -238 G/A promoter polymorphisms and sporadic Parkinson's disease in an Italian cohort.

[PMID 29440561OA-icon.png] Association of TNF-α promoter polymorphism and Graves' disease: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis.

[PMID 29497291OA-icon.png] TNF promoter polymorphisms are associated with genetic susceptibility in COPD secondary to tobacco smoking and biomass burning.

[PMID 29605608] Genetic variations in key inflammatory cytokines exacerbates the risk of diabetic nephropathy by influencing the gene expression.

[PMID 29734056] Promoter variants of TNF-α rs1800629 and IL-10 rs1800871 are independently associated with the susceptibility of coronary artery disease in north Indian.

[PMID 29846433OA-icon.png] Association between tumor necrosis factor alpha rs1800629 polymorphism and risk of osteoarthritis in a Chinese population.

[PMID 29935877] Significant association between IL10-1082/-819 and TNF-308 haplotypes and the susceptibility to cervical carcinogenesis in women infected by Human papillomavirus.

[PMID 30009916] Single nucleotide polymorphisms in cytokine/chemokine genes are associated with severe infection, ulcer grade and amputation in diabetic foot ulcer.

[PMID 30027452] The Potential Role of TNF-α (rs361525 and rs1800629) in Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Multivariate Analysis (Meta-Analysis).

[PMID 30109734] Polymorphisms in TH1-TH2 cytokine and receptor genes associated with risk of vertical HIV transmission, in Mumbai, India.

[PMID 30186498OA-icon.png] Association of cytokine gene polymorphisms with osteoarthritis susceptibility.

[PMID 30204505] Impact of IL-27p28 (rs153109) and TNF-α (rs1800629) Genetic Polymorphisms on the Progression of HCV Infection in Egyptian Patients.

[PMID 30208882OA-icon.png] Genetically determined high activities of the TNF-alpha, IL23/IL17, and NFkB pathways were associated with increased risk of ankylosing spondylitis.

[PMID 30430914] Genetic polymorphism contributes to 131I radiotherapy-induced toxicities in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer.

[PMID 30509964OA-icon.png] A Trial Sequential Meta-analysis of TNF- α -308G>A (rs800629) Gene Polymorphism and Susceptibility to Colorectal Cancer.

[PMID 30843750] Genetic variants linked to folliculogenesis and successful pregnancy are not associated with twin births in a twins' town.

[PMID 30923465OA-icon.png] SNP variations in IL10, TNFα and TNFAIP3 genes in patients with dry eye syndrome and Sjogren's syndrome.

[PMID 31046486] The study of methylation and single nucleotide polymorphisms of cancer-related genes in patients with early-stage ulcerative colitis.

[PMID 31063409] Relationship Between Genetic Polymorphisms of the TNF Gene and Hallux Valgus Susceptibility.

[PMID 31615448OA-icon.png] Candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms of irritable bowel syndrome: a systemic review and meta-analysis.

[PMID 31816580] Association between polymorphisms of cytokine genes and brucellosis: A comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis.

[PMID 31983162OA-icon.png] Association between PSCA, TNF-α, PARP1 and TP53 Gene Polymorphisms and Gastric Cancer Susceptibility in the Brazilian Population.

[PMID 32124801] SNPs and transcriptional activity of genes of innate and adaptive immunity at the maternal-fetal interface in woman with preterm labour, associated with preterm premature rupture of membranes.

[PMID 32328064OA-icon.png] Autoimmunity-Related Risk Variants in PTPN22 and CTLA4 Are Associated With ME/CFS With Infectious Onset.

[PMID 32602796] Association of Polymorphisms in Cytokine genes with susceptibility to Precancerous Lesions and Cervical Cancer: A systematic review with meta-analysis.

[PMID 32647408OA-icon.png] Association of Common Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of Candidate Genes with Gallstone Disease: A Meta-Analysis.

[PMID 33223842OA-icon.png] Effect of TNF-α -308G/A (rs1800629) Promoter Polymorphism on the Serum Level of TNF-α Among Iraqi Patients with Generalized Vitiligo.

[PMID 33252003] Association of polymorphism -308G/A in tumor necrosis factor-alpha gene (TNF-α) and TNF-α serum levels in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.

[PMID 33370782OA-icon.png] Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α- 308 G/A gene polymorphism (rs1800629) in Egyptian patients with alopecia areata and vitiligo, a laboratory and in silico analysis.

[PMID 33359288] Polymorphisms in the IL-6 and TNF-α gene are associated with an increased risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm.

[PMID 33383665OA-icon.png] Apremilast Pharmacogenomics in Russian Patients with Moderate-to-Severe and Severe Psoriasis.

[PMID 33555528] Association of a variant in the tumor necrosis factor alpha gene with risk of cervical cancer.