|(A;A)||3||2.7x increased risk for Type 2 Diabetes. Mothers have babies 54g heavier.|
|(A;G)||2||1.3x increased risk for Type 2 Diabetes. Mothers have babies 27g heavier.|
|(G;G)||2||Mothers have typical Birth-Weight babies. Slightly lower risk of Type 2 Diabetes.|
This SNP is one of 4 relatively common SNPs reported to represent risk for type-2 diabetes in the DESIR prospective study of 3,877 Caucasian participants. Under a recessive model, the odds ratio for rs1799884(A;A) homozygotes is 2.70 (CI: 1.51-4.83, p=0.0008); under an additive model, the odds ratio is 1.34 (CI: 1.07-1.69, p=0.01). For the 4 SNPs, each risk allele increased type-2 diabetes risk by 1.34x (p=2x10e-6), with an odds ratio of 2.48 (CI: 1.59-3.86) for carriers of 4 or more compared to those with one or none (risk alleles).[PMID 17977958]
[PMID 19241058] Association of GCKR rs780094, alone or in combination with GCK rs1799884, with type 2 diabetes and related traits in a Han Chinese population.
[PMID 20682688] Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO) Study: common genetic variants in GCK and TCF7L2 are associated with fasting and post-challenge glucose levels in pregnancy and with the new consensus definition of gestational diabetes from the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups
[PMID 20858683] Common variants at ten genomic loci influence hemoglobin A1C levels via glycemic and non-glycemic pathways
|Title||Large-scale genome-wide association studies in East Asians identify new genetic loci influencing metabolic traits.|
|Odds Ratio||0.0619 [0.049-0.075] mg/dL increase|
[PMID 22716779] Relevant associations of the glucokinase regulatory protein/glucokinase gene variation with TAG concentrations in a high-cardiovascular risk population: modulation by the Mediterranean diet
[PMID 17186458] A common haplotype of the glucokinase gene alters fasting glucose and birth weight: association in six studies and population-genetics analyses.
[PMID 17503332] Type 2 diabetes TCF7L2 risk genotypes alter birth weight: a study of 24,053 individuals.
[PMID 18332101] Common variants in maturity-onset diabetes of the young genes and future risk of type 2 diabetes.
[PMID 18498634] The genetic susceptibility to type 2 diabetes may be modulated by obesity status: implications for association studies.
[PMID 18521185] Variations in the G6PC2/ABCB11 genomic region are associated with fasting glucose levels.
[PMID 18556336] The common P446L polymorphism in GCKR inversely modulates fasting glucose and triglyceride levels and reduces type 2 diabetes risk in the DESIR prospective general French population.
[PMID 18689695] Predicting diabetes: clinical, biological, and genetic approaches: data from the Epidemiological Study on the Insulin Resistance Syndrome (DESIR).
[PMID 19018513] The association of common genetic variants in the APOA5, LPL and GCK genes with longitudinal changes in metabolic and cardiovascular traits.
[PMID 19060907] Variants in MTNR1B influence fasting glucose levels.
[PMID 19073768] Interaction effect of genetic polymorphisms in glucokinase (GCK) and glucokinase regulatory protein (GCKR) on metabolic traits in healthy Chinese adults and adolescents.
[PMID 19096518] Novel association of HK1 with glycated hemoglobin in a non-diabetic population: a genome-wide evaluation of 14,618 participants in the Women's Genome Health Study.
[PMID 19197348] Genome-wide association studies in an isolated founder population from the Pacific Island of Kosrae.
[PMID 19368707] Contribution of type 2 diabetes associated loci in the Arabic population from Tunisia: a case-control study.
[PMID 19533084] Combined effects of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in GCK, GCKR, G6PC2 and MTNR1B on fasting plasma glucose and type 2 diabetes risk.
[PMID 19741163] Additive effects of genetic variation in GCK and G6PC2 on insulin secretion and fasting glucose.
[PMID 19937311] Common variants at the GCK, GCKR, G6PC2-ABCB11 and MTNR1B loci are associated with fasting glucose in two Asian populations.
[PMID 20227404] The glucokinase gene promoter polymorphism -30G>A (rs1799884) is associated with fasting glucose in healthy pregnant women but not with gestational diabetes.
[PMID 20628598] Common polymorphisms in MTNR1B, G6PC2 and GCK are associated with increased fasting plasma glucose and impaired beta-cell function in Chinese subjects.
[PMID 20661421] Association of rs780094 in GCKR with metabolic traits and incident diabetes and cardiovascular disease: the ARIC Study.
[PMID 20668700] Effects of GCK, GCKR, G6PC2 and MTNR1B variants on glucose metabolism and insulin secretion.
[PMID 21697023] [Fasting hyperglycaemia and polymorphism in glucokinase promoter (rs1799884)].
[PMID 23690305] Genetic variants and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: a systematic review
[PMID 23840762] Large Scale Meta-Analyses of Fasting Plasma Glucose Raising Variants in GCK, GCKR, MTNR1B and G6PC2 and Their Impacts on Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Risk
|Title||New susceptibility loci in MYL2, C12orf51 and OAS1 associated with 1-h plasma glucose as predisposing risk factors for type 2 diabetes in the Korean population.|
|Odds Ratio||.06 [0.049-0.077] mmol-1 increase|
[PMID 22517333] Associations of apolipoprotein A5 (APOA5), glucokinase (GCK) and glucokinase regulatory protein (GCKR) polymorphisms and lifestyle factors with the risk of dyslipidemia and dysglycemia in Japanese - a cross-sectional data from the J-MICC Study.
[PMID 22996131] Monogenic models: what have the single gene disorders taught us?
|Trait||Glycated hemoglobin levels|
|Title||A study assessing the association of glycated hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) associated variants with HbA1C, chronic kidney disease and diabetic retinopathy in populations of Asian ancestry.|
|Odds Ratio||.44 [0.42-0.46] unit increase|
|Trait||Glycated hemoglobin levels|
|Title||Multiple nonglycemic genomic loci are newly associated with blood level of glycated hemoglobin in East Asians.|
|Odds Ratio||.12 [0.10-0.14] unit increase|
[PMID 25633883] Association of the glucokinase gene promoter polymorphism -30G > A (rs1799884) with gestational diabetes mellitus susceptibility: a case-control study and meta-analysis
[PMID 28072873] Association Study with 77 SNPs Confirms the Robust Role for the rs10830963/G of MTNR1B Variant and Identifies Two Novel Associations in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Development.
[PMID 28359772] GCK, GCKR, FADS1, DGKB/TMEM195 and CDKAL1 Gene Polymorphisms in Women with Gestational Diabetes.