At a minimum, these SNPs are known to be related, and others may also be
Classification may be also be pathologically based, i.e. based on histology (rather than cause). When classified histologically, nephrotic syndrome will typically be classified as being either Minimal change disease (MCD), by far the most common type, or Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), Membranous glomerulonephritis (MN), or Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN).
Because NPHS and FSGS represent a wide spectrum of hereditary renal diseases of the podocyte, and due to the use of both terms in somewhat confusing ways over time in the medical literature, assignment of mutations to phenotypes can be problematic. In general, SNPedia follows the guidelines used by ClinVar and OMIM, based on how they were first designated in the literature. Based on this, a list of genes with SNPs associated with FSGS can be found on the FSGS page; a list of genes associated with NPHS follows on this page.
|Category||Full Name||Gene||Usual Inheritance Mode|
|NPHS1||Nephrotic syndrome, type 1||NPHS1||recessive|
|NPHS2||Nephrotic syndrome, type 2||NPHS2||recessive|
|NPHS3||Nephrotic syndrome, type 3||PLCE1||recessive|
|NPHS4||Nephrotic syndrome, type 4||WT1||recessive|
|NPHS5||Nephrotic syndrome, type 5||LAMB2||recessive|
|NPHS6||Nephrotic syndrome, type 6||PTPRO||recessive|
|NPHS7||Nephrotic syndrome, type 7||DGKE||recessive|
|NPHS8||Nephrotic syndrome, type 8||ARHGDIA||recessive|
|NPHS9||Nephrotic syndrome, type 9||ADCK4||recessive|