|(A;A)||2.3||higher risk of of coronary heart disease|
|(A;G)||0.65x lower risk of ovarian cancer; higher risk of coronary heart disease in some studies; somewhat reduced PON catalytic efficiency|
|(G;G)||2.3||protective against coronary heart disease in some studies|
Perhaps the most striking finding was reported in Japanese patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). NIDDM patients with either one or two rs662(G) alleles had a 9 fold higher risk of coronary heart disease compared with rs662(A;A) NIDDM patients. [PMID 9215303]
table of odds for cardiovascular disease outcomes
[PMID 18708400] 274 ovarian epithelial carcinoma cases and 452 controls. rs662 odds ratio 0.65 (CI: 0.44-0.95; p for allele-dose effect = 0.03) for ovarian cancer for women carrying the rs662(A) allele compared with women with the (G;G) genotype
[PMID 15060281)] In a study of 461 participants in the HERITAGE cohort (172 African-American, 289 Caucasian), the combination of rs662 with rs854560 was found to significantly contribute to trait-anxiety scores. The high trait-anxiety group included "significantly more subjects homozygous to the Alzheimer's disease- predictive PON192 variant." The authors also cite another paper, [PMID 12525679], which found that this SNP affects PON's catalytic efficiency. From the context, it appears that it is the "R" variant, or rs662(G), which corresponds to the higher trait-anxiety scores and reduced catalytic efficiency, though this is less explicitly stated than one might hope.
[PMID 19321847] No association between rs662 and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis was seen in this large meta-analysis.[PMID 19651761] The paraoxonase (PON1) Q192R polymorphism is not associated with poor health status or depression in the ELSA or INCHIANTI studies
[PMID 19357718] Genetic polymorphisms of paraoxonase-1 are associated with chronic kidney disease in Japanese women
[PMID 19778663] Paraoxonase variants relate to 10-year risk in coronary artery disease: impact of a high-density lipoprotein-bound antioxidant in secondary prevention
[PMID 20947215] Paraoxonase-1 polymorphisms in Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and AD-PD spectrum diseases
[PMID 21122033] Leukoaraiosis is associated with genes regulating blood-brain barrier homeostasis in ischaemic stroke patients
[PMID 21223581] Association analysis of PON2 genetic variants with serum paraoxonase activity and systemic lupus erythematosus
[PMID 20488557] Decreased serum arylesterase activity in autism spectrum disorders
[PMID 21567207] Tetra primer ARMS-PCR relates folate/homocysteine pathway genes and ACE gene polymorphism with coronary artery disease
[PMID 22133529] Paraoxonase 1 genetic polymorphisms and susceptibility to breast cancer: A meta-analysis
[PMID 22187169] A New PCR Method: One Primer Amplification of PCR-CTPP Products
[PMID 22206979] Genetic variants in antioxidant genes are associated with sperm DNA damage and risk of male infertility in a Chinese population
[PMID 22615820] Paraoxonase 1 Polymorphism and Prenatal Pesticide Exposure Associated with Adverse Cardiovascular Risk Profiles at School Age
|Disease||Coronary artery disease Coronary artery spasm 2 Enzyme activity finding|
|CLNDBN||Coronary artery disease, susceptibility to Coronary artery spasm 2, susceptibility to Enzyme activity finding|
|CLNSRC||OMIM Allelic Variant|
|CLNACC||RCV000014739.2, RCV000014740.2, RCV000133464.2,|
[PMID 18034366] Lack of replication of genetic associations with human longevity.
[PMID 18194558] A hierarchical and modular approach to the discovery of robust associations in genome-wide association studies from pooled DNA samples.
[PMID 18203168] Folate and one-carbon metabolism gene polymorphisms and their associations with oral facial clefts.
[PMID 18282109] Adaptations to climate in candidate genes for common metabolic disorders.
[PMID 18513389] New application of intelligent agents in sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis identifies unexpected specific genetic background.
[PMID 18603647] Functional genetic polymorphisms and female reproductive disorders: Part I: Polycystic ovary syndrome and ovarian response.
[PMID 18618303] A common haplotype within the PON1 promoter region is associated with sporadic ALS.
[PMID 18682580] Oxidative response gene polymorphisms and risk of adult brain tumors.
[PMID 18787196] Segment-specific genetic effects on carotid intima-media thickness: the Northern Manhattan study.
[PMID 18936436] Prevalence in the United States of selected candidate gene variants: Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1991-1994.
[PMID 19041386] Genetic-epidemiological evidence on genes associated with HDL cholesterol levels: a systematic in-depth review.
[PMID 19104460] Interaction between PON1 and population density in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
[PMID 19131662] A meta-analysis of candidate gene polymorphisms and ischemic stroke in 6 study populations: association of lymphotoxin-alpha in nonhypertensive patients.
[PMID 19276285] Associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms in double-stranded DNA repair pathway genes and familial breast cancer.
[PMID 19587357] A systematic meta-analysis of genetic association studies for diabetic retinopathy.
[PMID 20031584] Genetics of atherothrombotic and lacunar stroke.
[PMID 20056567] Childhood brain tumors, residential insecticide exposure, and pesticide metabolism genes.
[PMID 20140262] Maternal and fetal genetic associations of PTGER3 and PON1 with preterm birth.
[PMID 20381198] Lack of association of PON polymorphisms with sporadic ALS in an Italian population.
[PMID 20616999] Usefulness of Mendelian randomization in observational epidemiology.
[PMID 20856122] Paraoxonase 1 polymorphisms and ischemic stroke risk: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
[PMID 21231776] C-reactive protein levels are associated with paraoxonase polymorphism L55M in patients undergoing cardiac SPECT imaging.
[PMID 21438666] Association of PON1 and APOA5 gene polymorphisms in a cohort of Indian patients having coronary artery disease with and without type 2 diabetes.
[PMID 21543280] Relation between methylmercury exposure and plasma paraoxonase activity in inuit adults from Nunavik.
[PMID 21685174] Paraoxonase-1 Q192R polymorphism and antiplatelet effects of clopidogrel in patients undergoing elective coronary stent placement.
[PMID 22520065] Influence of the paraoxonase-1 Q192R genetic variant on clopidogrel responsiveness and recurrent cardiovascular events: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
[PMID 22976839] NQO1 rs1800566 (C609T), PON1 rs662 (Q192R), and PON1 rs854560 (L55M) polymorphisms segregate the risk of childhood acute leukemias according to age range distribution
|qualified_impact||Insufficiently evaluated not reviewed|
[PMID 23167629] Common genetic variants in the myeloperoxidase and paraoxonase genes and the related cancer risk: a review
[PMID 23391848] OLR1 , PON1 and MTHFR Gene Polymorphisms, Conventional Risk Factors and the Severity of Coronary Atherosclerosis in a Chinese Han Population
[PMID 23356507] Association between paraoxonase gene and stroke in the Han Chinese population
[PMID 23651475] Polymorphisms in xenobiotic metabolizing genes (EPHX1, NQO1 and PON1) in lymphoma susceptibility: a case control study
[PMID 24206655] Association of a polymorphism in PON-1 gene with steroid-induced osteonecrosis of femoral head in Chinese Han population
[PMID 23903878] Prenatal methylmercury exposure and genetic predisposition to cognitive deficit at age 8 years
[PMID 24448003] Methylmercury exposure, PON1 gene variants and serum paraoxonase activity in Eastern James Bay Cree adults
[PMID 22877234] Polymorphisms in genes involved in oxidative stress response in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss and Meniere's disease in a Japanese population.
[PMID 22884547] Association analysis of PON polymorphisms in sporadic ALS in a Chinese population.
[PMID 23625196] The Q192R polymorphism of the paraoxonase 1 gene is a risk factor for coronary artery disease in Saudi subjects.
[PMID 24833785] Investigation of a PON1 gene polymorphism (rs662 polymorphism) as predictor of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
[PMID 24100645] Association of paraoxonase gene polymorphisms with diabetic nephropathy and retinopathy
[PMID 24903972] Genetic predisposition to calcific aortic stenosis and mitral annular calcification
[PMID 24918121] Association between PON1 rs662 polymorphism and coronary artery disease
[PMID 24965284] Synergistic Epistasis of Paraoxonase 1 (rs662 and rs85460) and Apolipoprotein E4 Genes in Pathogenesis of Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia
[PMID 24972570] PON1 Q192R polymorphism (rs662) is associated with childhood embryonal tumors
[PMID 24981930] Relationships between PON1 Q192R polymorphism and clinical outcome of antiplatelet treatment after percutaneous coronary intervention: a meta-analysis
[PMID 25500007] Q192R Polymorphism of Paraoxonase 1 Gene Associated with Insulin Resistance in Mexican Children
[PMID 25741997] Interactions between Paraoxonase 1 Genetic Polymorphisms and Smoking and Their Effects on Oxidative Stress and Lung Cancer Risk in a Korean Population
[PMID 25746376] Interaction effects between Paraoxonase 1 variants and cigarette smoking on risk of coronary heart disease in a Singaporean Chinese population
[PMID 25935173] Genetic polymorphisms in paraoxonase 1 and G protein-coupled receptor 77, and the risk of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in a Saudi population
[PMID 26091975] Paraoxonase-1 and oxidized lipoprotein lipids. The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study
[PMID 26632904] Association of Paraoxonase 1 Gene Polymorphisms With the Risk of Hepatitis B Virus-related Liver Diseases in a Guangxi Population: A Case-control Study.
[PMID 26870959] Association of PON1, P2Y12 and COX1 with Recurrent Ischemic Events in Patients with Extracranial or Intracranial Stenting.