|(C;C)||2.2||90% reduction in HIV viral load|
|(C;T)||2.1||60% reduction in HIV viral load|
|Gene||LOC105375015, LOC107984144, LOC107984145, LOC107984146|
This SNP (C/T) is in 5' region of the HLA-C gene, 35 kb away from transcription initiation in or around the HLA-C gene.
"People with this tiny sequence variation, dubbed rs9264942, appear to have up to 90% less virus in their systems than those who carry other polymorphisms. About 10% of Europeans appear to carry two copies of rs9264942, which leads to an average 90% viral load reduction. About 50% of Europeans carry one copy, which gives a 60% reduction. By comparison, less than 40% of people of African descent appear to carry a single copy of the polymorphism." Genetic variation may lower HIV load by 90%
They are referring to the (C;C) genotype giving a 90% reduction and the (C;T) giving a 60% reduction. dbSNP page
This SNP is also reported [PMID 17641165] to account for 6.5% of the 15% variation in viral load set point in asymptomatic HIV infected individuals. rs2395029 can also be associated with reduced HIV viral load set point.
|Title||Common Genetic Variation and the Control of HIV-1 in Human|
|Odds Ratio||NR NR|
[PMID 21067287] Multiple sclerosis risk markers in HLA-DRA, HLA-C, and IFNG genes are associated with sex-specific childhood leukemia risk
|Title||The Major Genetic Determinants of HIV-1 Control Affect HLA Class I Peptide Presentation|
|Odds Ratio||2.9000 [NR]|
[PMID 18256235] WGAViewer: software for genomic annotation of whole genome association studies.
[PMID 18982067] HIV-1 disease-influencing effects associated with ZNRD1, HCP5 and HLA-C alleles are attributable mainly to either HLA-A10 or HLA-B*57 alleles.
[PMID 19050382] Association of HLA-C and HCP5 gene regions with the clinical course of HIV-1 infection.
[PMID 19107206] Distinct genetic loci control plasma HIV-RNA and cellular HIV-DNA levels in HIV-1 infection: the ANRS Genome Wide Association 01 study.
[PMID 19276793] Host genetics and HIV-1 viral load set-point in African-Americans.
[PMID 20552027] Host and viral genetic correlates of clinical definitions of HIV-1 disease progression.
[PMID 21221856] The search for host genetic factors of HIV/AIDS pathogenesis in the post-genome era: progress to date and new avenues for discovery.
[PMID 21499264] Differential microRNA regulation of HLA-C expression and its association with HIV control.
[PMID 21860345] Rising HIV-1 viral load set point at a population level coincides with a fading impact of host genetic factors on HIV-1 control.
[PMID 22474614] Host Genes Important to HIV Replication and Evolution.
|Title||Host-microbe interactions have shaped the genetic architecture of inflammatory bowel disease.|
|Odds Ratio||1.15 [1.107-1.184]|
[PMID 22772778] Quantity of HLA-C surface expression and licensing of KIR2DL+ natural killer cells.
[PMID 23543094] Testing for associations between loci and environmental gradients using latent factor mixed models.
[PMID 24842830] Regulatory variation in HIV-1 dependency factor ZNRD1 associates with host resistance to HIV-1 acquisition
[PMID 25083782] HLA-C -35kb Expression SNP Is Associated with Differential Control of β-HPV Infection in Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cases and Controls
|Gene||LOC105379660 LOC105379667 LOC105375015|
|CLNDBN||HIV-1 viremia, susceptibility to|
|CLNSRC||OMIM Allelic Variant|
[PMID 30102364] A single nucleotide polymorphism upstream of the HLA-C locus is associated with an anti-HCV seronegative state in a high-risk exposed cohort.