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[PMID 18923396] In Caucasians, we found point-wise significant associations of 3' UTR SNPs (rs910080, rs910079, and rs2235749) with cocaine dependence and cocaine/alcohol codependence.
[PMID 19468819] Gene polymorphisms in prodynorphin (PDYN) are associated with episodic memory in the elderly
[PMID 21382455] Association between heroin dependence and prodynorphin gene polymorphisms
[PMID 22443215] Genetic association analyses of PDYN polymorphisms with heroin and cocaine addiction.
[PMID 23101464] Association of the PDYN gene with alcohol dependence and the propensity to drink in negative emotional states
[PMID 27074815] A Functional 3'UTR Polymorphism (rs2235749) of Prodynorphin Alters microRNA-365 Binding in Ventral Striatonigral Neurons to Influence Novelty Seeking and Positive Reward Traits
[PMID 28656735] An analysis of genetic association in opioid dependence susceptibility.