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Haplogroup R (Y-DNA)

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Haplogroup R (Y-DNA) descends from Haplogroup P (Y-DNA).

Haplogroup R (Y-DNA) represents one of the twenty major branches of the Y chromosome as defined by the Y Chromosome Consortium (YCC2008).

Haplogroup R (Y-DNA) represents one of two major European Y chromosome haplogroups (the other major haplogroup is Haplogroup I (Y-DNA)). The majority of European Y chromosomes belong to Haplogroup R (Y-DNA). [PMID 18385274]

Haplogroup R (Y-DNA) is now defined by eight mutations:

and is tested for by gs213


Associated Genosets[edit]

Haplogroup R and Subclades (ISOGG build 6.93)
Haplogroup Parent Haplogroup Publication Defining SNPs 23andMe Genoset deCodeMe Genoset Full Genomic Sequence (FTDNA and Argus Bio)
P NOP 92R7, M45, M74/N12, P207, P69, P226, P228, P230, P235, P239, P240, P243, P244, P281, P282, P283, P284, P295
R P M207, P224, P227, P229, P232, P280, P285, S4, S9 gs213
R1 R M173/P241, M306/S1, P225, P231, P233, P234, P236, P238, P242, P245, P286, P294
R1a R1 L62/M513, L63/M511, L145/M449, L146/M420
R1a1 R1a L120/M516 (provisional), L222/M448, M459, SRY1532.2/SRY10831.2
R1a1a R1a1 L168, L449 (provisional), M17, M198, M512, M514, M515
R1a1a1 R1a1a L457 (provisional), M417
R1a1a1a R1a1a1 M56 (private)
R1a1a1b R1a1a1 M157.1 (private, 23andMe)
R1a1a1c R1a1a1 M64.2, M87, M204
R1a1a1d R1a1a1 P98
R1a1a1e R1a1a1 PK5 (private, 23andMe)
R1a1a1f R1a1a1 M434
R1a1a1g R1a1a1 M458
R1a1a1g1 R1a1a1g M334 (private)
R1a1a1g2 R1a1a1g L260
R1a1a1h R1a1a1 Z93
R1a1a1h1 R1a1a1h L342.2
R1a1a1h1a R1a1a1h1 L657
R1a1a1i R1a1a1 Z280
R1a1a1i1 R1a1a1i P278.2
R1a1a1i2 R1a1a1i L365
R1a1a1i3 R1a1a1i L366
R1a1a1j R1a1a1 L176.1/S179.1
R1a1a1j1 R1a1a1j L175 (private)
R1b R1 M343
R1b1 R1b L278, M415, P25
R1b1a3a R1b1a3 V7 (private)
R1b1a4 R1b1a V69
R1b1a R1b1 P297, L320
R1b1a1 R1b1a M73, M478
R1b1a2 R1b1a L265, M269, M520, S3, S10, S13, S17
R1b1a2a R1b1b2 L23/S141, L49.1
R1b1b2a1 R1b1b2a L150 (provisional)
R1b1a2a1a R1b1b2a1 L51/M412/S167
R1b1a2a1a1 R1b1b2a1 L11/S27, L52, L151, P310/S129, P311/S128
R1b1a2a1a1a R1b1a2a1a1 M405/S21/U106 gs114
R1b1a2a1a1a1 R1b1a2a1a1a P107 (private)
R1b1a2a1a1a2 R1b1a2a1a1a L6 (private)
R1b1a2a1a1a3 R1b1a2a1a1a L217
R1b1a2a1a1a4 R1b1a2a1a1a Z18, Z19
R1b1a2a1a1a4a R1b1a2a1a1a4 L257/S186
R1b1a2a1a1a4b R1b1a2a1a1a4 L325
R1b1a2a1a1a5 R1b1a2a1a1a Z381
R1b1a2a1a1a5a R1b1a2a1a1a5 M467/S29/U198
R1b1a2a1a1a5b R1b1a2a1a1a5 DYS439-null/L1/S26
R1b1a2a1a1a5c R1b1a2a1a1a5 L48/S162
R1b1a2a1a1a5c1 R1b1a2a1a1a5c L47/S170
R1b1a2a1a1a5c1a R1b1a2a1a1a5c1 L44/S171, L163
R1b1a2a1a1a5c1a1 R1b1a2a1a1a5c1a L46/S172
R1b1a2a1a1a5c1a1a R1b1a2a1a1a5c1a1 L45, L164, L237
R1b1a2a1a1a5c2 R1b1a2a1a1a5c Z9
R1b1a2a1a1a5c2a R1b1a2a1a1a5c2 Z2
R1b1a2a1a1a5c2a1 R1b1a2a1a1a5c2a Z7
R1b1a2a1a1a5c2a1a R1b1a2a1a1a5c2a1 Z8
R1b1a2a1a1a5c2a1a1 R1b1a2a1a1a5c2a1a L148/S173
R1b1a2a1a1a5c2b R1b1a2a1a1a5c2 Z326
R1b1a2a1a1a5c2b1 R1b1a2a1a1a5c2b L188 (private)
R1b1a2a1a1a5d R1b1a2a1a1a5 P89.2
R1b1a2a1a1b R1b1a2a1a1 P312/S116
R1b1a2a1a1b1 R1b1a2a1a1b M65 (private) (23andMe)
R1b1a2a1a1b2 R1b1a2a1a1b Z196
R1b1a2a1a1b2a R1b1a2a1a1b2 M153 (23andMe)
R1b1a2a1a1b2b R1b1a2a1a1b2 L176.2/S179.2
R1b1a2a1a1b2b1 R1b1a2a1a1b2b M167/SRY2627
R1b1a2a1a1b2b2 R1b1a2a1a1b2b L165/S68
R1b1a2a1a1b3 R1b1a2a1a1b S28/U152
R1b1a2a1a1b3a R1b1a2a1a1b3 M126 (private)
R1b1a2a1a1b3b R1b1a2a1a1b3 M160 (private, 23andMe)
R1b1a2a1a1b3c R1b1a2a1a1b3 L2/S139
R1b1a2a1a1b3c1 R1b1a2a1a1b3c L20/S144
R1b1a2a1a1b3c1a R1b1a2a1a1b3c1 M228.2 (private)
R1b1a2a1a1b3c2 R1b1a2a1a1b3c L196
R1b1a2a1a1b3c3 R1b1a2a1a1b3c Z49
R1b1a2a1a1b3c3a R1b1a2a1a1b3c3 Z142
R1b1a2a1a1b3c3a1 R1b1a2a1a1b3c3a L562
R1b1a2a1a1b3d R1b1a2a1a1b3 Z36
R1b1a2a1a1b3e R1b1a2a1a1b3 Z56
R1b1a2a1a1b3e1 R1b1a2a1a1b3e L4/S178
R1b1a2a1a1b3e2 R1b1a2a1a1b3e S47
R1b1a2a1a1b4 R1b1a2a1a1b L21/M529/S145, L459 gs215
R1b1a2a1a1b4a R1b1a2a1a1b4 M37 (private, 23andMe)
R1b1a2a1a1b4b R1b1a2a1a1b4 M222/USP9Y+3636 gs214
R1b1a2a1a1b4c R1b1a2a1a1b4 DF1/L513/S215
R1b1a2a1a1b4c1 R1b1a2a1a1b4c P66_1, P66_2, P66_3
R1b1a2a1a1b4c2 R1b1a2a1a1b4c L193/S176
R1b1a2a1a1b4d R1b1a2a1a1b4 L96
R1b1a2a1a1b4e R1b1a2a1a1b4 L144/S175 , L195
R1b1a2a1a1b4f R1b1a2a1a1b4 L159.2/S169.2
R1b1a2a1a1b4g R1b1a2a1a1b4 L226/S168
R1b1a2a1a1b4h R1b1a2a1a1b4 DF21/S192
R1b1a2a1a1b4h1 R1b1a2a1a1b4h P314.2
R1b1a2a1a1b4h1a R1b1a2a1a1b4h1 L362
R1b1a2a1a1b4h2 R1b1a2a1a1b4h Z246
R1b1a2a1a1b4h2a R1b1a2a1a1b4h2 DF25/S253
R1b1a2a1a1b4h2a1 R1b1a2a1a1b4h2a DF5/S191
R1b1a2a1a1b4h2a1a R1b1a2a1a1b4h2a1 L627
R1b1a2a1a1b4h3 R1b1a2a1a1b4h L720
R1b1a2a1a1b4i R1b1a2a1a1b4 L371
R1b1a2a1a1b4j R1b1a2a1a1b4 L554
R1b1a2a1a1b5 R1b1a2a1a1b L238/S182
R1b1a2a1a1b6 R1b1a2a1a1b DF19
R1b1a2a1b R1b1a2a1 L584
R1b1b R1b1 M335 (23andMe)
R1b1c R1b1 V88
R1b1c1 R1b1c M18
R1b1c2 R1b1c V8 (private)
R1b1c3 R1b1c V35
R1b1c3a R1b1c3 V7
R1b1c4 R1b1c V69
R2 R M479
R2a R2 L266, M124 (23andMe), P249 (23andMe), P267 (23andMe)
R2a1 R2a L295
R2a1a R2a1 L294
R2a2 R2a L263