Haplogroup M (mtDNA)

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M is an mtDNA Haplogroup.


Tree[edit]

This phylogenetic tree of haplogroup M subclades is based on the paper by Mannis van Oven and Manfred Kayser Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation [PMID 18853457] and subsequent published research.


  • M
    • M1
      • M1a
        • M1a1
          • M1a1a
          • M1a1b
            • M1a1b1
          • M1a1c
          • M1a1d
          • M1a1e
          • M1a1f
        • M1a2
          • M1a2a
          • M1a2b
        • M1a3
          • M1a3a
          • M1a3b
        • M1a4
        • M1a5
      • M1b
        • M1b1
          • M1b1a
        • M1b2
          • M1b2a
    • M2
      • M2a
        • M2a1
        • M2a2
        • M2a3
      • M2b
        • M2b1
        • M2b2
    • M3
      • M3a
    • M4"45
      • M4
        • M4a
        • M4b
          • M4b1
      • M18'38
        • M18
        • M38
      • M30
        • M30a
        • M30b
        • M30c
          • M30c1
            • M30c1a
              • M30c1a1
        • M30d
      • M37
        • M37a
      • M43
      • M45
    • M5
      • M5a
        • M5a1
          • M5a1a
          • M5a1b
        • M5a2
          • M5a2a
    • M6'16'17
      • M6
        • M6a
          • M6a1
            • M6a1b
      • M16
      • M17
    • M7
      • M7a
        • M7a1
          • M7a1a
            • M7a1a1
              • M7a1a1a
            • M7a1a2
            • M7a1a3
            • M7a1a4
              • M7a1a4a
            • M7a1a5
            • M7a1a6
            • M7a1a7
          • M7a1b
        • M7a2
          • M7a2a
          • M7a2b
      • M7b'c'd'e
        • M7b'd
          • M7b
            • M7b1'2
              • M7b1
              • M7b2
                • M7b2a
                • M7b2b
                • M7b2c
            • M7b3
              • M7b3a
          • M7d
        • M7c'e
          • M7c
            • M7c1
              • M7c1a
              • M7c1b
                • M7c1b1
            • M7c2
              • M7c2a
            • M7c3
              • M7c3a
              • M7c3b
              • M7c3c
          • M7e
    • M8
    • M9
      • M9a'b'c'd
        • M9a'c'd
          • M9a'd
            • M9a
              • M9a1
              • M9a2
              • M9a3
            • M9d
          • M9c
        • M9b
      • E -->
    • M10'42
      • M10
        • M10a
          • M10a1
          • M10a2
      • M42
        • M42a
    • M11
      • M11a
      • M11b
    • M12'G
    • M13
      • M13a
        • M13a1
    • M14
    • M15
    • M21
      • M21a'b
        • M21a
        • M21b
      • M21c'd
        • M21c
        • M21d
      • M22
      • M25
    • M27
      • M27a
      • M27b
      • M27c
    • M28
      • M28a
      • M28b
    • M29'Q
    • M31'32
      • M31
        • M31a
          • M31a1
            • M31a1a
            • M31a1b
          • M31a2
            • M31a2a
        • M31b
        • M31c
      • M32
        • M32a
    • M33
      • M33a
      • M33b
      • M33c
    • M34
      • M34a
    • M35
      • M35b
    • M36
      • M36a
    • M39
      • M39a
    • M40
      • M40a
    • M41
    • M44'52
      • M44
      • M52
    • M46
    • M47'50
      • M47
      • M50
    • M48
    • M49
    • M51
    • D -->


Associated Genosets[edit]

Haplogroup M and Subclades
Haplogroup Parent Haplogroup Publication Defining SNPs 23andMe Genoset deCodeMe Genoset Full Genomic Sequence (FTDNA and Argus Bio)
M L3 489 10400 14783 15043
M1 M 195 6446 6680 12403 12950C 14110 16129 16189 16249 16311
M1a M1 813 6671
M1a1 M1a 3705 12346 16359
M1a1a M1a1 4011 8521 11044 14182 16249
M1a1b M1a1 930 7853 14769
M1a1b1 M1a1b 5319
M1a1c M1a1 1719 6962 9966 12373 13542C
M1a1d M1a1 150 8281-8289d
M1a1e M1a1 3906A
M1a1f M1a1 9053
M1a2 M1a 15884
M1a2a M1a2 152 315.1CCC 14127 15172
M1a2b M1a2 593 16260 16320
M1a3 M1a 13637
M1a3a M1a3 6473
M1a3b M1a3 12414 16223
M1a4 M1a 3513 8607
M1a5 M1a 10694 13215 13722 14323 14515 15770 15799 16129
M1b M1 13111
M1b1 M1b 466 4936 8868 15247G 16185
M1b1a M1b1 200 11671
M1b2 M1b 10895 16399
M1b2a M1b2 11377 16291
M2 M 447G 1780 8502 11083 15670 16274 16319
M2a M2 7961 12810
M2a1 M2a 204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352
M2a2 M2a 7702 11041A 12657 13708 16240C 16311
M2a3 M2a 146 5426 5774 7762
M2b M2 152 182 195 1453 2831T 3630 5744 6647 9899 13254 14766 16169.1C 16183C 16189 16320
M2b1 M2b 5420 6260
M2b2 M2b 16295
M3 M 482 16126
M3a M3 4580
M4'45 M 12007
M4 M4'45 16311
M4a M4 152 6620 7859 16145 16261
M4b M4 511
M4b1 M4b 4916 13651
M18'38 M 246
M18 M18'38 194 16318T
M38 M18'38 189 1808 6267 6899 9966 15314 15487
M30 M 195A 15431
M30a M30 513 6366
M30b M30 152 5147 13980 16192 16278
M30c M30 146 12234
M30c1 M30c 16166d
M30c1a M30c1 9966
M30c1a1 M30c1a 12178 16069
M30d M30 15259
M37 M 10556
M37a M37 151 152 7853
M43 M 10316 11696 12636 14305
M45 M4'45 146 9180 16189 16300
M5 M 1888 16129
M5a M5 709 3921 12477 14323
M5a1 M5a 4916 15287 16291
M5a1a M5a1 9064 11016
M5a1b M5a1 524.1AC 1303 3954 6461 9833 16298
M5a2 M5a 4454
M5a2a M5a2 15262
M6'16'17 M 5319
M6 M6'16'17 3537 5301 16231 16362
M6a M6 13966
M6a1 M6a 461 5082 5558 9329 10640 14128
M6a1b M6a1 3486 5585
M16 M6'16'17 152 5298 5783 16126 16278
M17 M6'16'17 146 189 3994 10915 13681 16166 16311
M7 M 6455 9824
M7a M7 2626 2772 4386 4958 12771 16209
M7a1 M7a 5899.1C 14364
M7a1a M7a1 11017 11084
M7a1a1 M7a1a 11722
M7a1a1a M7a1a1 9299
M7a1a2 M7a1a 207 1442 15218 16189
M7a1a3 M7a1a 11167 11701
M7a1a4 M7a1a 4047 14185T
M7a1a4a M7a1a4 11368 14148 15886
M7a1a5 M7a1a 13768
M7a1a6 M7a1a 3756
M7a1a7 M7a1a 16291
M7a1b M7a1 6018 7403 13110
M7a2 M7a 146 15422 16140
M7a2a M7a2 8176 12234 16093
M7a2b M7a2 961 965.1CC 8005
M7b'c'd'e M7 199 4071
M7b'd M7b'c'd'e 5351 5460 7684 7853 12405 16129
M7b M7b'd 150 4048 4164 6680 16297
M7b1'2 M7b 12811
M7b1 M7b1'2 16192
M7b2 M7b1'2 10345 16189 16298
M7b2a M7b2 8020
M7b2b M7b2 4113
M7b2c M7b2 195A
M7b3 M7b 1664 6351 9468 10497 12121 14115 16086 16223 16324
M7b3a M7b3 4454
M7d M7b'd 199 958 12358 14053 14314 16152 16179 16192
M7c'e M7b'c'd'e 146 4850 11665 12091
M7c M7c'e 5442 (16295)
M7c1 M7c 3882
M7c1a M7c1 513 16319
M7c1b M7c1 6053 12804 14755T 16294
M7c1b1 M7c1b 7961
M7c2 M7c 12561
M7c2a M7c2 15884
M7c3 M7c 3606 15236
M7c3a M7c3 9865 16319 16249
M7c3b M7c3 146A 16223
M7c3c M7c3 16362
M7e M7c'e 199 3912 5174 5378 6713 9449 10897 11084 11932 14053 15338 16172 16189 16311
M8 M 4715 7196A 8584 15487T 16298
M8a M8 6179 8684 14470 16319
M8a1 M8a 6719 8453 15047 15148 15355 15697 16311
M8a2 M8a 2835 16184
M8a2a M8a2 3714 11176 16189 16311 16390 16468 16470 16471 16473
M8a2b M8a2 4670 6671 13050
CZ M8 249d
C CZ 3552A 9545 11914 13263 14318 16327
Z CZ 152 6752 9090 15784 16185 16260
M9 M 4491 16362
M9a'b'c'd M9 153 3394
M9a'c'd M9a'b'c'd 14308 16234
M9a'd M9a'c'd 1041
M9a M9a'd 9242 16316
M9a1 M9a 153 11963
M9a2 M9a 5951 9115 13434 16300
M9a3 M9a 7142 7861 14417 16291
M9d M9a'd 150 152 237 12362 13246 15671 16093 16158 16176 16398
M9c M9 1120 5899.1C 6366 16271
M9b M9 573.1CCCCC 709 5964 6842 7609 7789 12864 16051 16209
E M9 3027 3705 7598 13626 16390
M10'42 M 8793
M10 M10'42 573.1CCC 709 4140 12549 13152 14502 15040 15071 16311
M10a M10 3172.1C 7250 8856 10646 15218
M10a1 M10a 13135 16093 16357 16497
M10a2 M10a 16066
M42 M10'42 1598 4508 6104 9156 12771 16287 16356
M42a M42 8251
M11 M1 146 215 318 326 1095 6531 7642 8108 9950 11969 13074
M11a M11 14340
M11b M11 10685 13890 14790
M12'G M 14569
M12 M12'G 125 127 4170 5580 12030 12372 14727 15010 16234 16290
M12a M12 318
G M12'G 709 4833 5108 16362
M13 M 152 3644 5773 6023 6253 6620 10411 10790 15924 16145 16188
M13a M13 13135 16189 16381
M13a1 M13a 7673 11959 16311
M14 M 234 4216 6962
M15 M 64 183 8167 11002 11629T 12662 13659 14284 15412 16147A 16193 16249 16362
M21 M 709 11482
M21a'b M21 15924 16093 16129
M21a M21a'b 152 3796 10202 11287 11611 16256 16271 16362
M21b M21a'b 2225A 5177 5899.1C 6023 6164 6253 9182 10172 11665A 12501 15468 15553 15930 16263 16381
M21c'd M21 3915 5108 7861 16242
M21c M21c'd 200 204 270.1T 709 2222 5093 7765 8718 9116 12940 15106 15511 15734 16319
M21d M21c'd 1598 1763 3819 6231 8509 15236 16181 16192 16291 16304
M22 M 710 1119 4639 5351 6071 6776 8158 9316 14142A 15236 16093 16184 16290
M25 M 15928
M27 M 5375 9201 12358
M27a M27 150 195 204 228 234 537 739 980 2404 5177 5585 7337 8406 9389 10042 11020 11554G 15451 16048 16077T 16136 16172 16189 16311 16320
M27b M27 64 152 199 236 656 1598 1719 2315 3204 3591 3693 4342 4775 5788 5892 10166 10493 14137 14370 14674 16145 16209 16223 16299 16390
M27c M27 146 186 1692 3397 8503 9033 9127 11959 12370 14870 16301 16304
M28 M 152 195 1719 6281 6374 10245 15067 16148 16362 16468
M28a M28 1598 10658 16086 16129
M28b M28 94 204 12172
M29'Q M 13500 16311
M29 M29'Q 151 152 211 464 513 1048 1598 4230 7711 13065 16189
M29a M29 310 4050 5263 9852 12127 12366 13452
M29b M29 16294
Q M29'Q 4117 5843 8790 12940 16129 16241
M31'32 M 2156.1A
M31 M31'32 4907 11176 15440 15530 16126
M31a M31 3999 12876
M31a1 M31a 249d 1524 2045 3975 8973 9581 11014 14407 16126 16311
M31a1a M31a1 9617
M31a1b M31a1 13710
M31a2 M31a 195 16145
M31a2a M31a2 868 4775 9966 11023T 15258 16017
M31b M31 152 808 2156d 3337 3834 8093 14212 15676 16136
M31c M31 188 234 282 9269 14152 15300 15935 16126 16136 16311
M32 M31'32 143 195 207 1438 3817 9064 12189 16319 16344 16357 16526
M32a M32 15754
M33 M 2361
M33a M33 8562 15908
M33b M33 1719 3221 6293 16324
M33c M33 3316 4079 4182 4577 5894 7364 8227 8848 16111 16235 16362
M34 M 569 3010 6794 11101 15865 16249
M34a M34 146 3447 8404 10361 11992 12311 14094 16095 16359
M35 M 199 12561
M35b M35 15928
M36 M 239 7271 15110
M36a M36 152 6320 6917 12346 14203 14302 16193
M39 M 55.1T 65.1T 66T 1811 8679 15938
M39a M39 59-60d
M40 M 8925 15721 15954 16463
M40a M40 200 13542 16179 16294
M41 M 375 870 6297 12398 12469 13656 15601 16327 16330
M44'52 M 930
M44 M44'52 146 961 965.1CC 8179 8285.1C 16301
M52 M44'52 93 143 195 1598 2833 5312 9128 10310 12535 12973 13135 13651 15172 15244 15853 16209 16233 16274 16304
M46 M 146 152 1393 3588 4394 6032 6253 7828 8886 9115 10130 11008 11151 13434 16256 16278 16300 16343T 16362
M47'50 M 16166C
M47 M47'50 16129 16189 16233 16287 16319
M50 M47'50 1383 3417 6092 7226 8802 12281 12486 13940 15300 15055 15660 16263 16309
M48 M 199 6366 15900 16225 16234 16390
M49 M 7598 11263 12346 14384 15511 15647 16153 16234
M51 M 9509 14687
D M 4883 5178A 16362

Sources[edit]


See Also[edit]


Links[edit]