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Haplogroup L2 (mtDNA)

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L2 is an mtDNA Haplogroup.


Tree[edit]

This phylogenetic tree of haplogroup L2 subclades is based on the paper by Mannis van Oven and Manfred Kayser Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation [PMID 18853457] and subsequent published research.


  • Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA)
    • L1'2'3'4'5'6
      • L2'3'4'6
        • L2
          • L2a'b'c'd
            • L2a
              • L2a1
                • L2a1a
                • L2a1a1
                • L2a1a2
                  • L2a1a2a
                • L2a1a3
                • L2a1a4
              • L2a1b
              • L2a1f
                • L2a1f1
              • L2a1c
                • L2a1c1
                • L2a1c2
                • L2a1c3
              • L2a1d
              • L2a1e
                • L2a1e1
              • L2a1h
              • L2a1i
              • L2a1j
              • L2a1k
              • L2a1l
                • L2a1l1
                  • L2a1l1a
                • L2a1l2
              • L2a2
                • L2a2a
                  • L2a2a1
                • L2a2b
                  • L2a2b1
            • L2b'c
              • L2b
                • L2b1
                  • L2b1a
                    • L2b1a1
                    • L2b1a2
                • L2b2
                • L2b3
              • L2c
                • L2c2'3
                  • L2c2
                  • L2c3
                • L2c4
            • L2d
              • L2d1
          • L2e


Associated Genosets[edit]

Haplogroup L2 and Subclades
Haplogroup Parent Haplogroup Publication Defining SNPs 23andMe Genoset deCodeMe Genoset Full Genomic Sequence (FTDNA and Argus Bio)
L1'2'3'4'5'6 (MRCA) 182 1048 4312 6185 11914 12007
L2'3'4'6 L2'3'4'5'6 T195T 247 T825T C8655C G10688G T10810T A13105A C13506C G15301A G16129A C16187C (T16189T) gs1072
L2 L2'3'4'6 T146C C150T T152C T2416C G8206A A9221G T10115C G13590A (T16311C) G16390A
L2a'b'c'd L2 195 11944
L2a L2a'b'c'd 150 2789 7175 7274 7771 11914 13803 14566 16294
L2a1 L2a 182 12693 15784 16309
L2a1a L2a1 3918 5285 15244 15629
L2a1a1 L2a1a 6152 15391 16368
L2a1a2 L2a1a 10454 15211 15421
L2a1a2a L2a1a2 16092
L2a1a3 L2a1a 143 16093
L2a1a4 L2a1a 16286
L2a1b L2a1 10143 15735 16182C 16183C 16290
L2a1f L2a1 5581
L2a1f1 L2a1f 731
L2a1c L2a1 3010 6663
L2a1c1 L2a1c 198 930 3308 8604 16086
L2a1c2 L2a1c 513 10903 15924 16193 16213 16239
L2a1c3 L2a1c 9932
L2a1d L2a1 5196 9530 11386 12007 12612 13395 13934 16209 16301 16309 16354
L2a1e L2a1 3495A 8790 12630
L2a1e1 L2a1e 143 8541 14599
L2a1h L2a1 3505 4772 12976 16309
L2a1i L2a1 15229 16309 16362
L2a1j L2a1 8764 14464
L2a1k L2a1 6722 12903 16218
L2a1l L2a1 534
L2a1l1 L2a1l 12408
L2a1l1a L2a1l1 5580
L2a1l2 L2a1l 5366A
L2a2 L2a 146 709 6752 9932 15939 16189 16229 16291 16311
L2a2a L2a2 9083 9438 15803
L2a2a1 L2a2a 8727
L2a2b L2a2 11767 14118 16172 16183C 16188.1C
L2a2b1 L2a2b 7664 8721 13068 13827
L2b'c L2a'b'c'd 198 1442 2332 7624A 12236 15110 15217
L2b L2b'c 204 1706 2358 4158 4370 4767 5027 5331A 5814 6713 8080 8387 12948 14059 16114A 16129 16213
L2b1 L2b 418 6026 10828 13924 16362
L2b1a L2b1 146 16355
L2b1a1 L2b1a 16284
L2b1a2 L2b1a 7569
L2b2 L2b 183 6614 6806 8503 16274
L2b3 L2b 15944.1T
L2c L2 325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849
L2c2'3 L2c 93
L2c2 L2c2'3 1040 16264
L2c3 L2c2'3 513
L2c4 L2c 5201
L2d L2a'b'c'd 182 456 870 2159 2332 3254A 3434 3693 6231 9554 9941 10955 11353 14845 15777C 16093 16129 16189 16223 16300 16354 16399
L2d1 L2d 152 8856 10700 15263 15458 15703 16311
L2e L2 479 719 1211 3537 4562 5069T 6014 8383 9377 9971 11935 12189 13708 14299 15697 15734 15889 16111A 16145 16184 16239 16292 16355 16399 16400

Sources[edit]


See Also[edit]


Links[edit]