Haplogroup L1 (mtDNA)

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L1 is an mtDNA Haplogroup.


Tree[edit]

This phylogenetic tree of haplogroup L1 subclades is based on the paper by Mannis van Oven and Manfred Kayser Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation [PMID 18853457] and subsequent published research.


  • Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA)
    • L1'2'3'4'5'6
      • L1
        • L1b
          • L1b1
            • L1b1a
              • L1b1a1
              • L1b1a2
                • L1b1a2a
              • L1b1a3
              • L1b1a4
              • L1b1a5
            • L1b1b
          • L1b2
        • L1c
          • L1c1'2'4'6
            • L1c1
              • L1c1a
                • L1c1a1
                  • L1c1a1a
                    • L1c1a1a1
                      • L1c1a1a1a
                      • L1c1a1a1b
                        • L1c1a1a1b1
                    • L1c1a1a2
                  • L1c1a1b
                • L1c1a2
                  • L1c1a2a
                    • L1c1a2a1
                  • L1c1a2b
              • L1c1b
              • L1c1c'd
                • L1c1c
                • L1c1d
            • L1c2'4
              • L1c2
                • L1c2a
                  • L1c2a1
                    • L1c2a1a
                    • L1c2a1b
                  • L1c2a2
                • L1c2b
                  • L1c2b1
                    • L1c2b1a
              • L1c4
            • L1c6
          • L1c3
            • L1c3a
              • L1c3a1
            • L1c3b
              • L1c3b1
                • L1c3b1a
                • L1c3b1b
              • L1c3b2
            • L1c3c


Associated Genosets[edit]

Haplogroup L1 and Subclades
Haplogroup Parent Haplogroup Publication Defining SNPs 23andMe Genoset deCodeMe Genoset Full Genomic Sequence (FTDNA and Argus Bio)
L1'2'3'4'5'6 (MRCA) C182C C1048C C4312C T6185T G11914G G12007G gs1066
L1 L1'2'3'4'5'6 G3666A A7055G T7389C T13789C T14178C G14560A gs1069
L1b L1 185T 357 709 710 1438 1738 2352 3308 3693 5036 5046 5655 6548 6827 6989 7867 8248 12519 13880A 14203 14769 15115 16126 16129 16264 16270 16293
L1b1 L1b 2768
L1b1a L1b1 5393
L1b1a1 L1b1a 264 3396
L1b1a2 L1b1a 7954
L1b1a2a L1b1a2 16289
L1b1a3 L1b1a 189 13980
L1b1a4 L1b1a 8790 13194 16114A
L1b1a5 L1b1a 1406 14812
L1b1b L1b1 9755 14110
L1b2 L1b 4123 7444 8329G 8937 11452 14180 14759G 15301
L1c L1 151 186A 189C 316 2395d 5951 6071 8027 9072 10586 12810 13485 14000A 14911 16294 16360
L1c1'2'4'6 L1'2'3'4'5'6 297 10321
L1c1 L1c1'2'4'6 3796T 3843 11899 14148 16293
L1c1a L1c1 4454A 8087 14088
L1c1a1 L1c1a 10398 14034 16223
L1c1a1a L1c1a1 44.1C 11257 16214 16234 16249
L1c1a1a1 L1c1a1a 182 467 2308 5984 11167 12930T 16274
L1c1a1a1a L1c1a1a1 204 6182 8928 9311 15663 16293
L1c1a1a1b L1c1a1a1 16051 16258
L1c1a1a1b1 L1c1a1a1b 5300
L1c1a1a2 L1c1a1a 204 4491 10667 13194 16129
L1c1a1b L1c1a1 195 2141 5277 8769 9580 12164 13174 14040 15777 16129 16184 16360
L1c1a2 L1c1a 93 95C 151 236 2755 2863 3513 3927 4506 7202 9647 12768 16274
L1c1a2a L1c1a2 4634 9336 12477
L1c1a2a1 L1c1a2a 7692
L1c1a2b L1c1a2 152 7660 7693 9272
L1c1b L1c1 1291 4688 4824 5553 8619 9861 10084 12681 14393 15025 16241 16291 16293
L1c1c'd L1c1 11914
L1c1c L1c1c'd 12026 12545 12879 12961 13134 14911 16169 16172 16183C 16187 16234 16261 16294
L1c1d L1c1c'd 5108 5460 7948 15301 15626 16038
L1c2'4 L1c 12049 13149
L1c2 L1c1'2'4 198 6150 6253 7076 7337 8784 8877 10792 10793 11654 16265C 16286G 16527
L1c2a L1c2 1420 2156.1A 15016 15784
L1c2a1 L1c2a 5899.1C 16145 16213
L1c2a1a L1c2a1 7744
L1c2a1b L1c2a1 3777 5237
L1c2a2 L1c2a 524.1AC 709 3438 7070 7160 7301 8701 9018 13437 16288 16357 16360
L1c2b L1c2 11164
L1c2b1 L1c2b 524.1AC 10031
L1c2b1a L1c2b1 513 2220
L1c4 L1c1'2'4 151 280 524.1AC 5196 5899.1C 6629 7673 7960 9266 9545 13741 13879 16037 16093 16140 16184 16301 16390
L1c6 L1c1'2'4'6 198 455 514 593 930 2251 2315 4562 5074 5231 5460 5465 8829 9611 13659 13933 14470 14798 15700 16234 16256 16274 16527
L1c3 L1c 195 6221A 6917 7055 11302 15226 15905 15978
L1c3a L1c3 6260 7498 7789 9966 12019 12501 16187 16215
L1c3a1 L1c3a 3105
L1c3b L1c3 8251 13981 14794
L1c3b1 L1c3b 629 2283 3210 3434 4755 8417 12400 12542 16017 16163
L1c3b1a L1c3b1 11317 13708 16209
L1c3b1b L1c3b1 1686 2083
L1c3b2 L1c3b 524.1AC 2000 3096 6297 6353 7805 7844 9758 14128 14831 15244 15924 16086 16185
L1c3c L1c3 93 195 248 458 745.1T 2283 3027 3525 3600 4853 11852 11984 12507 14669

Sources[edit]


See Also[edit]


Links[edit]